Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the ligament the holds the shin bone and the thigh bone together. It is found in the middle of the knee and plays an important part in knee stability. It controls the movement of the two bones which is especially important when you change direction suddenly (For example when running).
➡ Our ACL injury page goes into more detail about how the ACL is injured and how an ACL tear is diagnosed http://hipandkneeclinics.com/knee-information-2/anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injury/
Is surgery always necessary?
It is possible to rehabilitate you knee with a course of physiotherapy. The aim of this would be to strengthen the muscles surrounding your knee and to stop it giving way. In slightly older and less active patients, this may be enough to get them back to their required level of activity.
However if you are younger or your activity levels are high then physiotherapy is unlikely to be an appropriate solution and surgery to reconstruct the ligament is more likely to be required.
What is involved?
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction is carried out as an arthroscopic procedure. The damaged ACL is replaced with a graft of your own tissue (usually hamstring). The graft is ‘threaded’ through 2 drill holes and held firmly in place by special screws.