Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury

What is the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury? The posterior cruciate ligament is a band of fibrous tissue located towards the back of the knee. It is one of the four main ligaments in the knee and prevents excessive movement of the knee joint. How does it get injured? Most commonly PCL injuries are caused […]

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Patellofemoral Dysfunction

What is Anterior knee pain / Patellofemoral dysfunction? What is Anterior knee pain / Patellofemoral dysfunction? Anterior knee pain is the umbrella term to cover a wide range of conditions where there are symptoms from the knee cap (patella) and/or just behind it. When we bend and straighten the knee, the patella glides in a […]

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Patella Tendinosis / Tendonitis

Patella tendonitis is a chronic inflammation of the patellar tendon.  The patella tendon (ligament) is the structure which runs from below the knee cap (patella) to the shin bone (tibia) and its function is to straighten the knee in activities such as jumping, walking and running. Acute inflammation of the patella tendon is called patella […]

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Meniscus

What is a Meniscus? A meniscus is the C-shaped wedge of cartilage found on both sides of the knee, between the thigh bone (femur) and the shin bone (tibia). Each knee has an outer, or lateral meniscus, and an inner, medial meniscus. They act as cushions softening the contact between the femur and tibia when […]

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Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL)

What is the Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL)? The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) is the ligament that attaches the kneecap (patella) to the inner part of the knee. It helps stabilise the kneecap as the knee moves. How does it get injured? The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) is most commonly  injured during traumatic dislocation of the […]

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Iliotibial Band syndrome

Iliotibial Band Syndrome The iliotibial band (ITB) is a superficial thickening of tissue on the outside of the thigh, extending from the outside of the pelvis, over the hip and knee, and inserting just below the knee. The band is crucial to stabilizing the knee during running.  It moves from behind the femur (thigh bone)  to […]

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Knee Osteoarthritis

Knee osteoarthritis is the most common type of osteoarthritis, and is a very common cause of disability in the UK. The surfaces of the joint are covered with cartilage, which allows low friction movement, and the joint is stabilised with ligaments, tendons and muscles. As the cartilage is worn aware (as seen in arthritis), the […]

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Collateral ligaments

What are the collateral ligaments? The collateral ligaments are many minor ligaments arranged in different directions and layers, which mesh together into one single strong ligament, with one found on each side of the knee; one on the inside, the medial collateral ligament and one on the outside, the lateral collateral ligament. How do they […]

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Cartilage Damage

What is Cartilage Damage? The articular surfaces (surfaces that make contact with another skeletal structure as part of a joint) of long bones are covered with hyaline cartilage. Damage to this hyaline cartilage is known as a chondral injury or, if the underlying bone is also fractured, an osteochondral injury. Articular chondral and osteochondral injuries […]

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ACL

What is the ACL? The anterior cruciate ligament is a 3-3.5cm band of fibrous tissue forming one of the four main ligaments in the knee which work together to prevent excessive movement of the knee joint. How does the ACL get injured? Most commonly the ACL is injured during sporting activity, usually not through contact, […]

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