Hip Anatomy – The hip is a ball and socket joint.
The aim of this page is to explain a bit more about the Hip Anatomy. The Femoral head (ball) sits in the Acetabulum (socket) -this type of joint allows multidirectional movement.
The hip joint is encased in strong ligaments which increases the stability. The iliofemoral ligament is the strongest ligament in the body!
The muscles in the hip also play an important role. They allow the 4 movements of the hips – bend, straighten, moving the leg away from the body and bringing it back towards the body.
The muscles found in the hip joint are divided into four groups;
- The anterior muscles – located at the front. (This is where the quads are found) – these muscles flex (bend) the thigh at the hip allowing us to sit down or climb a ladder.
- The posterior muscles – located at the back. These extend (straighten) the thigh at the hip joint. We rely on strong contractions of this group of muscles to enable us to stand and walk.
- The adductor muscles – located on the medial (on inside). This set of groin muscles allow us to move our leg towards the body. This set of muscles can easily be overstretched.
- The abductor muscles – located on lateral (or outside). These muscles allow us to move the leg away from the body , for example when doing the splits.
If you’d like to learn more read here http://teachmeanatomy.info/lower-limb/joints/the-hip-joint/